Honoring the 2014 Nobel laureates with free access to selections of their research
The science laureates have all published with Elsevier; download some of their high-impact papers
By Sacha Boucherie Posted on 15 October 2014
The winners of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Medicine, Physics, Chemistry and Economics have made pioneering contributions to science and medicine that have impacted our world and laid the groundwork for advancement in generations to come. We are honored to work with these extraordinary scientists, who have published their research in our journals and books or served as editors, editorial board members or reviewers.
To further illuminate their discoveries, we have made a collection of their work published with Elsevier freely available.
"For those of us dedicated to science, waiting for the Nobel Prize announcements is a time of great anticipation," said Dr. Philippe Terheggen, Managing Director of Journals for Elsevier. "Though scientists may be widely recognized for addressing the challenges of the 21st century, they are rarely celebrated with the credit and recognition they deserve. Turning the world's attention to the contributions of the Nobel Laureates calls for a grand toast. I personally feel honored that we have the opportunity to work with such great scholars in the publication and dissemination of their groundbreaking research."
Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology
Dr. John O'Keefe, Dr. May-Britt Moser and Dr. Edvard Moser were jointly awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology "for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain."
Their discoveries demonstrated a cellular basis for high cognitive function. Through their research, all three contributed to revealing the existence of nerve cells in the brain that enable us to navigate through our surroundings – getting lost but just as easily finding our way back again.
In 1971, Dr. O'Keefe sparked the research stream with the identification of so-called "place cells" that were activated when a rat was in a certain place in a room. More than 30 years later, Drs. May-Britt and Edvard Moser, who are married, discovered the "grid cells" that generate a coordinate system for precise positioning and path-finding. Between the three they discovered our "inner GPS."
The Nobel Assembly said their discoveries "have solved a problem that has occupied philosophers and scientists for centuries – how does the brain create a map of the space surrounding us and how can we navigate our way through a complex environment? The discovery of the brain's positioning system represents a paradigm shift in our understanding of how ensembles of specialized cells work together to execute higher cognitive functions. It has opened new avenues for understanding other cognitive processes, such as memory, thinking and planning."
About John O'Keefe
John O'Keefe is a US-British neuroscientist and a professor at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and the Department of Anatomy, University College London. He was born in New York to Irish immigrant parents on November 18, 1939. In his role as author and reviewer, Dr. O'Keefe actively contributed to the journals Neuronand Trends in Cognitive Sciences; his first papers on place cells were published in Brain Research and Experimental Neurology.
About May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser
May-Britt Moser, born January 4, 1963, is a Norwegian psychologist, neuroscientist, and founding director of the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for the Biology of Memory at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, Norway. As an author and reviewer she has actively contributed to Elsevier journals Cell, Neuron, Current Biology, Trends in Cognitive Sciences .
Edvard Moser, born April 27, 1962, is also Norwegian and also psychologist-neurologist. He is institute director of the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for Neural Computation at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. Currently based at the Max Planck Institute for Neurobiology near Munich, Germany, Edvard Moser served as editorial board member for Neuron and active author for journals Cell, Current Biology, Trends in Neuroscience .
Nobel Prize in Physics
Dr. Isamu Akasaki, Dr. Hiroshi Amano and Dr. Shuji Nakamura were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources."
Although red and green LEDs have been around since the 1960s, it wasn't until the early 1990s that Professors Akasaki, Amano and Nakamura invented blue LEDs. With their discovery, the three LEDs —green, red and blue — could now be mixed to produce white light, which uses much less energy than both incandescent and fluorescent lamps. Blue LEDS had, until then, been the missing piece of the puzzle.
Since their discovery the technological advances made possible through LED lighting have grown exponentially. LEDs not only provided the lighting industry with unheard of efficiency, robustness and longevity, enhancing the glowing screens of smarty phones, TVs and computers, but are now be used in other areas including, for example, in reading and writing, Blu-Ray data and in water sterilization.
[pullquote align="right"]20 percent of the world's electricity is used for lighting. It's been calculated that optimal use of LED lighting could reduce this to 4 percent -- Dr. Frances Saunders, President, Britain's Institute of Physics[/pullquote]
Aside from the technological advances made possible, with their invention Drs. Akasaki, Amano and Nakamura also paved the road to a more sustainable energy-saving world and the possibility to enrich the quality of life for people in developing nations.
"The LED lamp holds great promise for increasing the quality of life for over 1.5 billion people around the world who lack access to electricity grids; due to low power requirements it can be powered by cheap local solar power," stated The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in its press release.
About Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura
Isamu Akasaki was born January 30, 1929, in Chiran, Japan, and is affiliated with Meijo University and Nagoya University. In the physics discipline, he specializes in semiconductor technology.
Hirosho Amano was born September 11, 1960, in Hamamatsu, Japan. He joined Akasaki's research group in 1982 as an undergraduate student at Nagoya University in Japan.
Shuji Nakamura was born May 22, 1954, in Ikata, Japan. He is a Japanese-American professor of materials and electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and is also co-director of the campus's Solid State Lighting & Energy Electronics Center.
All three physicists have actively contributed to Elsevier journals in their roles as authors and reviewers. Journal titles include: Journal of Crystal Growth, Journal of Luminescence , Materials Science & Engineering B, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Optical Materials, Physica B: Condensed Matter, Superlattices and Microstructures, Thin Solid Films.
Dr. Amano was also a member of the editorial board of the journal Superlattices and Microstructures from 2004 to 2007.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Dr. Eric Betzig, Dr. Stefan Hell and Dr. William Moerner were jointly awarded the Chemistry prize "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy."
These scientists overcame what had always been regarded as a fundamental barrier to the resolution of optical microscopes. The barrier had been set by Ernst Abbe in 1873 showing that optical microscopes could never see features smaller than roughly the size of the smallest bacteria. Up until the year 2000, any microscopy beyond this resolution was unthinkable.
In 2000, it was Stefan Hell who first broke this barrier with the help of a technique called fluorescence – lighting up of molecules through pulses of energy delivered by lasers. Professors Betzig and Moerner soon followed using a varying form of fluorescence: instead of using lasers they were able to tag biological cells with a fluorescent protein.
What was key about their groundbreaking discovery was that, not only did they break the Abbe barrier, which had been in place for almost a century, it turned microscopy into nanoscopy, enabling scientists to study cellular processes within molecules at the scale of billionths of a meter. More than just studying organisms in their forms and shapes, scientists could understand much more clearly what was happening in important biological processes.
The Nobel jury said: "Their groundbreaking work has brought optical microscopy into the nano-dimension. Today, nanoscopy is used worldwide, and new knowledge of the greatest benefit to mankind is produced on a daily basis."
About Eric Betzig
Eric Betzig was born on January 13, 1960, in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He received his PhD in 1988 at Cornell University. He is currently Group Leader at Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, in Virginia. Dr. Betzig actively contributed as author to Elsevier journals Cell, Biophysical Journal , Current Biology, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Neuron, Thin Solid Films.
About Stefan Hell
Stefan Hell is a German citizen originating from Romania, where he was born on December 23, 1962, moving to Germany in 1978. He received his PhD in 1990 from the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Currently he is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, and division head at the German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg. Throughout his career as a physicist, Dr. Hell has been an active Elsevier author and reviewer for Neuron, Trends in Cell Biology, Biophysical Journal and Chemical Physics Letters.
About William Moerner
William E. Moerner was born on 1953 in Pleasanton, California. He received his PhD in 1982 at Cornell University. Currently he is Harry S. Mosher Professor in Chemistry and Professor, by courtesy, of Applied Physics at Stanford University. Dr. Moerner has published in and served as reviewer for Elsevier journals Cell, Biophysical Journal, Chemical Physics and Chemical Physics Letters. For the latter two journals, he contributed additionally as an advisory editorial board member.
Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was awarded to Dr. Jean Tirole "for his analysis of market power and regulation."
Announcing the winner, Staffan Normark, permanent secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, said: "This year's prize in economic sciences is about taming powerful firms."
Since the 1980s, Tirole's research has focused on restricting – or checking – the behavior of large companies in relation to market power — its relevance being confirmed when the financial crisis hit the world six years ago.
In his research, Dr. Tirole provides dense mathematical models that describe and analyze markets. His models incorporate strategic behavior and information economics that help us understand the interaction between firms and how governments can design optimal regulatory policies. Specialists in regulatory economics previously looked for ways to design policies that governments could adopt across all industries; what made Dr. Tirole's groundbreaking was that one model does not fit all industries.
About Jean Tirole
As a professor of economics, Dr. Tirole specializes in industrial organization, game theory, banking and finance and psychology. He was born on August 9, 1953 in Troyes, France. In 1981, he received his PhD in economics from MIT. Currently, he is chairman of the board of the Jean-Jacques Laffont Foundation at the Toulouse School of Economics, a founding member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse (IAST) and scientific director for the Industrial Economics Institute (IDEI) in Toulouse.
As an author, Dr. Tirole has contributed to Elsevier journals and books, including the Journal of Public Economic, International Journal of Industrial Organization, European Economic Review, Journal of Economic Theory, Japan and the World Economy, Handbook of Industrial Organization, Contributions to Economic Analysis.
Read a selection of his research.[divider]
Much of the information in this report came from the Nobel Prize website. [divider]
Research by Nobel Laureates in Medicine
Key articles by John O'Keefe in Elsevier publications
- The hippocampus as a spatial map. Preliminary evidence from unit activity in the freely‐moving rat
Brain Research, 34 (1), 171-175 (1971), O'Keefe, J., and Dostrovsky, J.
- Place units in the hippocampus of the freely moving rat
Experimental Neurology 51 (1), 78-109 (1976), O´Keefe, J.
- The human hippocampus and spatial and episodic memory
Neuron, 2002, Vol. 35, pp. 625-41, Burgess N, Maguire EA, O'Keefe
- Neural representations in human spatial memory
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2003, Vol. 7, Issue 12, p517–519 Burgess N, O'Keefe J
Key articles and book chapters by May-Britt and Edvard Moser in Elsevier publications
- Grid cells use HCN1 channels for spatial scaling
Cell, 2011, Vol. 147, pp. 1159-70, Giocomo LM, Hussaini SA, Zheng F, Kandel ER, Moser MB, Moser EI.
- Spatial memory in the rat requires the dorsolateral band of the entorhinal cortex
Neuron, 2005, Vol. 45, pp. 301-13, Steffenach H.A, Witter M, Moser MB, Moser EI.
- Progressive transformation of hippocampal neuronal representations in "morphed" environments
Neuron, 2005, Vol. 48, pp. 345-58, Leutgeb JK, Leutgeb S, Treves A, Meyer R, Barnes CA, McNaughton BL, Moser MB, Moser EI.
- Impaired Spatial Representation in CA1 after Lesion of Direct Input from Entorhinal Cortex
Neuron, 2008, Vol. 57, pp. 290–302, Brun, V.H., Leutgeb, S., Wu, H.-Q., Schwarcz, R., Witter, M.P., Moser, E.I., Moser, M.-B.
- Hippocampal neurons responding to first-time dislocation of a target object
Neuron, 2002, Vol. 35, pp. 555-566 Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Hollup, S., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I.
- Spatial representation along the proximodistal axis of CA1
Neuron, 2010, Vol. 68, pp. 127-137, Henriksen, E.J., Colgin, L.L., Barnes, C.A., Witter, M.P., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I.
- Functional Split between Parietal and Entorhinal Cortices in the Rat
Neuron, 2012, Vol. 73, pp. 789-802, Whitlock, J. , Pfuhl, G., Dagslott, N., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.
- Representation of geometric borders in the developing rat
Neuron, 2014, Vol. 82, pp. 71-78, Bjerknes, T.L., Moser, E.I., Moser, M.-B.
- Computational models of grid cells
Neuron, 2011, Vol. 71, pp. 589-603, Giocomo, L. , Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.
- Pretraining and the function of hippocampal long-term potentiation
Neuron, 2000, Vol. 26, pp. 559-561, Moser, M.-B. , Moser, E.I.
- Grid cells and neural coding in high-end cortices
Neuron, 2013,Vol. 80, pp. 765-774, Moser, E.I. , Moser, M.-B.
- Topography of head direction cells in medial entorhinal cortex
Current Biology,2014, Vol. 24, pp. 252-62, Giocomo LM, Stensola T, Bonnevie T, Van Cauter T, Moser MB, Moser EI.
- Traces of experience in the lateral entorhinal cortex
Current Biology,2013, Vol. 23, pp. 399-405, Tsao A, Moser MB, Moser EI
- Q&A with Edvard and May-Britt Moser
Current Biology, 2012, Vol. 22, pp. R585–R587, Moser MB, Moser EI.
- Understanding memory through hippocampal remapping
Trends in Neurosciences, 2008, Vol. 31, pp. 469-77, Colgin LL, Moser EI, Moser MB.
- Space, Time and Number in the Brain: Searching for the Foundations of Mathematical Thought, Chapter 4 – A Manifold of Spatial Maps in the Brain, Dori Derdikman, Edvard I. Moser
Research by Nobel Laureates in Physics
Key articles by Isamu Akasaki and Hiroshi Amano in Elsevier publications
- Effects of ain buffer layer on crystallographic structure and on electrical and optical properties of GaN and Ga1−xAlxN (0 < x ≦ 0.4) films grown on sapphire substrate by MOVPE
Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, Yasuo Koide, Kazumasa Hiramatsu, Nobuhiko Sawaki
Journal of Crystal Growth, Volume 98, Issues 1–2, 1 November 1989, Pages 209–219
- Growth mechanism of GaN grown on sapphire with A1N buffer layer by MOVPE
K. Hiramatsu, S. Itoh, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, N. Kuwano, T. Shiraishi, K. Oki
Journal of Crystal Growth, Volume 115, Issues 1–4, 2 December 1991, Pages 628-633
- Growth of GaN and AlGaN for UV/blue p-n junction diodes
I. Akasaki, H. Amano, H. Murakami, M. Sassa, H. Kato, K. Manabe
Journal of Crystal Growth, Volume 128, Issues 1–4, 1 March 1993, Pages 379-383
- Photoluminescence and optical gain in highly excited GaN
L. Eckey, J. Holst, A. Hoffman, I. Broser, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, T. Detchprohm, K. Hiramatsu
Journal of Luminescence, Volumes 72–74, June 1997, Pages 59–61
- In-plane GaN/AlGaN heterostructure fabricated by selective mass transport planar technology
Shugo Nitta, Yohei Yukawa, Yasuhiro Watanabe, Masayoshi Kosakia, Motoaki Iwaya, Shigeo Yamaguchib, Hiroshi Amano, Isamu Akasaki
Materials Science and Engineering: B, Volume 93, Issues 1–3, 30 May 2002, Pages 139–142
- Optical signatures of dopants in GaN
B. Monemara, P.P. Paskova, J.P. Bergman, A.A. Toropov, T.V. Shubina, S. Figge, T. Paskova, D. Hommel, A. Usui, M. Iwaya, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki
Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 9, Issues 1–3 , February–June 2006, Pages 168–174
- Critical issues in AlxGa1−xN growth
Hiroshi Amano, Isamu Akasaki
Optical Materials, Volume 19, Issue 1, February–March 2002, Pages 219-222
- Conductivity control of GaN and fabrication of UV/blue GaN light emitting devices
I. Akasaki, H. Amano, N. Koide, M. Kotaki, K. Manabe
Physica B: Condensed Matter, Volume 185, Issues 1–4, April 1993, Pages 428-432
- Electric properties of GaN : Zn MIS-type light emitting diode
Md.Rezaul Huque Khan, Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, Nobuo Okazaki, Katsuhide Manabe
Physica B: Condensed Matter, Volume 185, Issues 1–4, April 1993, Pages 480-484
- Free-to-bound radiative recombination in highly conducting InN epitaxial layers
B. Arnaudov, T. Paskova, P.P. Paskov, B. Magnusson, E. Valcheva, B. Monemar, H. Luc, W.J. Schaff, H. Amano, I. Akasaki
Superlattices and Microstructures, Volume 36, Issues 4–6, October–December 2004, Pages 563–571
- Improvement in light extraction efficiency in group III nitride-based light-emitting diodes using moth-eye structureM. Iwaya *, H. Kasugai, T. Kawashima, K. Iida, A. Honshio, Y. Miyake, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki
Thin Solid Films, Volume 515, Issue 2, 25 October 2006, Pages 768-770
Key articles by Shuji Nakamurain Elsevier publications
- High-power UV InGaN/AlGaN double-heterostructure LEDs
Takashi Mukai, Daisuke Morita, Shuji Nakamura
Journal of Crystal Growth, Volumes 189–190, 15 June 1998, Pages 778–781
- First III–V-nitride-based violet laser diodes
Journal of Crystal Growth, Volume 170, Issues 1–4, 1 January 1997, Pages 11–15
- InGaN quantum-well structure blue LEDs and LDs
Journal of Luminescence, Volume 72-74, June 1997, Pages 55-58
- Blue light emitting laser diodes
Thin Solid Films, Volumes 343–344, April 1999, Pages 345–349
Research by Nobel Laureates in Chemistry
Key articles by Eric Betzig in Elsevier publications
- Noninvasive imaging beyond the diffraction limit of 3D dynamics in thickly fluorescent specimens
Cell, 2012, Vol 151, pp. 1370-85, Gao L, Shao L, Higgins CD, Poulton JS, Peifer M, Davidson MW, Wu X, Goldstein B, Betzig E.
- Single-molecule dynamics of enhanceosome assembly in embryonic stem cells
Cell, 2014, Vol. 156, pp. 1274-85, Chen J, Zhang Z, Li L, Chen BC, Revyakin A, Hajj B, Legant W, Dahan M, Lionnet T, Betzig E, Tjian R, Liu Z.
- Single-molecule discrimination of discrete perisynaptic and distributed sites of actin filament assembly within dendritic spines
Neuron, 2010, Vol. 67, pp. 86-99, Frost, N.A., Shroff, H., Kong, H., Betzig, E., Blanpied, T.A
- Nonmuscle Myosin II Isoforms Coassemble in Living Cells
Current Biology, 2014, Vol. 24, pp. 1160-1166, Jordan R. Beach, Lin Shao, Kirsten Remmert, Dong Li, Eric Betzig, John A. Hammer III
- Self-Organization of the Escherichia Coli Chemotaxis Network Imaged with Super-Resolution Light Microscopy
Biophysical Journal, 2010, Vol. 98, p. 760a, McEvoy, A., Greenfield, D., Shroff, H., Crooks, G.E., Wingreen N.S., Betzig, E., Liphardt, J.
- Near Field Scanning Optical Microscopy (NSOM): Development and Biophysical Applications
Biophysical Journal, 1986, Vol. 49, pp. 269–279, Betzig, E., Lewis, A., Harootunian, A., Isaacson, M., Kratschmer, E.
Key articles by Stefan Hell in Elsevier publications
- Nanoscopy of Living Brain Slices with Low Light Levels
Neuron, 2012, Vol. 75, pp. 992-1000, Testa, I., Urban, N.T., Jakobs, S., Eggeling, C., Willig, K.I., Hell, S.W. Video abstract
- Fluorescence Nanoscopy in Whole Cells by Asynchronous Localization of Photoswitching Emitters
Biophysical Journal,2007, Vol. 93, pp. 3285–3290, Egner A, Geisler C, von Middendorff C, Bock H, Wenzel D, Medda R, Andresen M, Stiel AC, Jakobs S, Eggeling C, Schönle A, Hell SW.
- Ca2+ Fluorescence Imaging with Pico- and Femtosecond Two-Photon Excitation: Signal and Photodamage
Biophysical Journal, 1999, Vol. 77, pp. 2226–2236, Koester, H.J., Baur, D., Uhl, R., Hell, S.W.
- Two-Color Far-Field Fluorescence Nanoscopy
Biophysical Journal, 2007, Vol. 92, pp. L67–L69, Donnert G, Keller J, Wurm CA, Rizzoli SO, Westphal V, Schönle A, Jahn R, Jakobs S, Eggeling C, Hell SW.
- Compact Multi-Color STED Microscopy
Biophysical Journal, 2011, Vol. 100, pp. 354a-355a, Bueckers, A., Kastrup, L., Hell, S.
- Superresolving Dendritic Spines
Biophysical Journal, 2013, Vol. 104, pp. 741–743, Loew, L., Hell, S.W.
- STED Nanoscopy of Actin Dynamics in Synapses Deep Inside Living Brain Slices
Biophysical Journal, 2011, Vol. 101, pp. 1277–1284, Urban, N.T., Willig, K.I., Hell, S.W., Nägerl U.
- Stimulated Emission Depletion Nanoscopy of Living Cells Using SNAP-Tag Fusion Proteins
Biophysical Journal, 2010, Vol. 98, pp. 158–163, Hein, B, Willig, K, Wurm, C, Westphal, V, Jakobs, S, Hell, SW.
- Fluorescence microscopy with super-resolved optical sections
Trends in Cell Biology, 2005, Vol. 15, pp. 207–215, Egner, A., Hell, S.W.
Key articles by William Moerner in Elsevier publications
- A polymeric protein anchors the chromosomal origin/ParB complex at a bacterial cell pole
Cell, 2008, Vol. 134, pp. 945-55, Bowman GR, Comolli LR, Zhu J, Eckart M, Koenig M, Downing KH, Moerner WE, Earnest T, Shapiro L.
- Translational Diffusion of Individual Class II MHC Membrane Proteinsin Cells
Biophysical Journal, 2002, Vol. 83, pp. 2681–2692, Vrljic M, Nishimura SY, Brasselet S, Moerner WE, McConnell HM.
- Cholesterol Depletion Suppresses the Translational Diffusion of Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Proteins in the Plasma Membrane
Biophysical Journal, 2005, Vol. 88, pp. 334–347, Vrljic M, Nishimura SY, Moerner WE, McConnell HM.
- Cholesterol Depletion Induces Solid-like Regions in the Plasma Membrane
Biophysical Journal, 2006, Vol. 90, pp. 927–938, Nishimura SY, Vrljic M, Klein LO, McConnell HM, Moerner WE.
- Polarized Fluorescence Microscopy of Individual and Many Kinesin Motors Bound to Axonemal Microtubules
Biophysical Journal, 2001, Vol. 81, pp. 2851–2863, Peterman, E.J.G.; Hernando, S.; Goldstein, L.S.B.; Moerner, W.E.
- STED Microscopy with Optimized Labeling Density Reveals 9-Fold Arrangement of a Centriole Protein
Biophysical Journal, 2012, Vol. 102, pp. 2926–2935, Lana, L.; Lee, Y.L.; Sahl, S.J.; Stearns, T.; Moerner, W.E.
- Super-Resolution Imaging of the Nucleoid-Associated Protein HU in Caulobacter crescentus
Biophysical Journal, 2011, Vol. 100, pp. L31–L33, Lee, S.F.; Thompson, M.A.; Schwartz, M.A.; Shapiro, L.; Moerner, W.E.
Research by the Nobel Laureate in Economics
Key articles by Jean Tirole in Elsevier publications
- Access pricing and competition
European Economic Review, 1994, 38.9: 1673-1710. Laffont, Jean-Jacques, and Jean Tirole.
- Markov perfect equilibrium: I. Observable actions
Journal of Economic Theory, 2001, 100.2: 191-219. Maskin, Eric, and Jean Tirole.
- Perfect Bayesian equilibrium and sequential equilibrium
Journal of Economic Theory, 1991, 53(2), 236-260. Fudenberg, D., & Tirole, J.
- Preemption, leapfrogging and competition in patent races
European Economic Review, 1983, 22(1), 3-31. Fudenberg, D., Gilbert, R., Stiglitz, J., & Tirole, J.
- The open source movement: Key research questions
European Economic Review,2001, 45.4: 819-826. Lerner, Josh, and Jean Tirole
- Capital as a commitment: strategic investment to deter mobility
Journal of Economic Theory, 1983, 31(2), 227-250. Fudenberg, D., & Tirole, J.
- Pollution permits and compliance strategies
Journal of Public Economics,1996, 62(1), 85-125. Laffont, J. J., & Tirole, J.
- Pollution permits and environmental innovation
Journal of Public Economics, 1996, 62(1), 127-140. Laffont, J. J., & Tirole, J.
- Auction design and favoritism
International Journal of Industrial Organization, 1991, 9(1), 9-42. Laffont, J. J., & Tirole, J.
- Chapter 33: A Primer on Foreclosure
Handbook of Industrial Organization, Volume 3, 2007, Pages 2145-2220. Patrick Rey, Jean Tirole
- Chapter 8: The Economics of Tacit Collusion: Implications for Merger Control
Contributions to Economic Analysis, Volume 282, 2007, Pages 217-239. Marc Ivaldi, Bruno Jullien, Patrick Rey, Paul Seabright, Jean Tirole
- Chapter 2: The theory of the firm
Handbook of Industrial Organization, Volume 1, 1989, Pages 61-133. Bengt R. Holmstrom, Jean Tirole
- Chapter 5: Noncooperative game theory for industrial organization: An introduction and overview
Handbook of Industrial Organization, Volume 1, 1989, Pages 259-327. Drew Fudenberg, Jean Tirole
Elsevier Connect Contributors
Elsevier Press Officer Sacha Boucherie works closely with Elsevier's journal publishers, editors and authors at one end and with science journalists and reporters at the other end with the aim of spotlighting and promoting interesting, topical research articles. She is based in Elsevier's Amsterdam headquarters and holds a master's degree in social psychology at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.
The following Elsevier colleagues also contributed to this report: Dr. Philippe Terheggen (Amsterdam), Dr. Inez van Korlaar (Amsterdam), Mary Beth O'Leary (Cambridge, Massachusetts), Michelle McMahon (Waltham, Massachusetts), Chris Capot (New York), Marieke Gutschner (Amstedam), Darren Sugrue (Amsterdam), Lucía Muñoz Vázquez (Amsterdam) and Nilesh Shah (Chennai).
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