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Descending Branch of Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery (Right)
Cardiovascular System

Descending Branch of Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery (Right)

Ramus descendens arteriae circumflexae medialis femoris

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Origin

The descending branch arises as one of two terminal branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery.

Course

The descending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery descends posterior to the femur and the adductor magnus muscle.

Branches

There are no named branches, however, the descending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery anastomosis with the first perforating artery and the gluteal arteries.

Supplied Structures

The descending branch of the medial circumflex femoral artery contributes to the blood supply of the adductor magnus, the long head of the biceps femoris, and gluteus maximus muscles. It also contributes to the supply of the semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles.

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Femoral Artery

ScienceDirect image

The CFA is defined as the continuation of the external iliac artery from the level of the inguinal ligament to its bifurcation into the profunda femoris artery and the SFA.

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