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Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery
Cardiovascular System

Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery

Arteria circumflexa lateralis femoris

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Quick Facts

Origin: Deep femoral artery.

Course: Laterally, anterior to the proximal femur.

Branches: Ascending, transverse, and descending branches.

Supplied Structures: Proximal femur, the hip joint, and muscles of the anterior thigh.

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Origin

The lateral circumflex femoral artery arises near the origin of the deep femoral artery.

Course

The lateral circumflex femoral artery courses laterally within the branches of the femoral nerve, behind the sartorius and rectus femoris muscles.

Branches

Close to the lesser trochanter, the lateral circumflex femoral artery terminates by dividing into its ascending, transverse, and descending branches.

Supplied Structures

The lateral circumflex femoral artery and its branches contribute to the vascularization of the muscles of the anterior thigh, the proximal femur, and the hip joint.

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Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery

ScienceDirect image

Lateral femoral circumflex artery travels posterior to the rectus femoris muscle and wraps around the anterior portion of the femoral neck.

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Complete Anatomy