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Transverse Branch of Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery
Cardiovascular System

Transverse Branch of Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery

Ramus transversus arteriae circumflexae lateralis femoris

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Origin

The transverse branch is the smallest of the three branches arising from the lateral circumflex femoral artery.

Course

The transverse branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery travels laterally, anterior to the vastus intermedius, then through the vastus lateralis muscle where it curves around the anterior femur, just below the greater trochanter.

Branches

There are no named branches. The transverse branch contributes to the cruciate anastomoses, along with the medial circumflex artery, the inferior gluteal artery, and the first of the perforating arteries of the deep femoral artery.

Supplied Structures

The transverse branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery contributes to the supply of the proximal femur.

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Artery

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When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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