Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Elsevier
Publish with us
Deep Femoral Artery
Cardiovascular System

Deep Femoral Artery

Arteria profunda femoris

Read more

Quick Facts

Origin: Femoral artery.

Course: Descends in a medial direction.

Branches: Medial and lateral circumflex femoral and perforating arteries.

Supplied Structures: Adductor, extensor, and flexor compartments of the thigh, the hip joint, and the femur.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Origin

The deep femoral artery originates from the posterolateral aspect of the femoral artery, approximately 3.5 cm inferior to the inguinal ligament.

Course

The deep femoral artery descends laterally towards the femur, then travels inferiorly along the medial aspect of the femoral shaft. It descends deep to the adductor longus muscle. The vessel sits on, from proximal to distal, the pectineus, adductor brevis, and adductor magnus muscles. It then travels posteriorly where it anastomoses with the superior muscular branches of the popliteal artery.

Branches

In the proximal thigh, the deep femoral artery gives rise to the medial and lateral circumflex arteries. As it descends it gives muscular and perforating branches that pierce the adductor magnus muscle. It also has branches that anastomose with branches of the iliac vessels superiorly and with the popliteal arteries inferiorly.

Supplied Structures

The deep femoral artery is the main supplier to the muscles of the thigh, including the adductor, extensor, and flexor compartments. It also contributes to the supply of the femur and hip joint.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Deep Femoral Artery

ScienceDirect image

Follow the deep femoral artery, after the origin of the external pudendal artery, as it passes into the musculature.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy