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Axial Skeleton
Skeletal System

Axial Skeleton

Skeleton axiale

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The axial skeleton is one of the two parts that form the skeletal system, the other part being the appendicular skeleton. The joints of the axial skeleton are generally less mobile, and therefore more stable, than those of the appendicular skeleton.

The axial skeleton consists of the bones that form the skeletal framework of the central axis of the body. It consists of the:

- bones of the head;

- bones of the thoracic cage;

- vertebral column.

The axial skeleton provides stability, protects internal organs and provides articulation sites for the bones of the appendicular skeleton, where:

- the upper limbs articulate with the sternum at the sternoclavicular joints;

- the lower limbs articulate with the sacrum at the sacroiliac joints.

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The axial skeleton refers to bones on or near the body’s midline including the skull as well as and the thorax or trunk.

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