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Superior Vesical Arteries
Cardiovascular System

Superior Vesical Arteries

Arteriae vesicales superiores

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Quick Facts

Origin: Proximal patent part of umbilical artery.

Course: Multiple branches pass medially to the superior aspect of the bladder.

Branches: Ureteric artery and artery to ductus deferens (male).

Supplied Structures: Superior portion of the bladder and the inferior portion of the ureter.

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Origin

The superior vesical arteries arise from the patent portion of the umbilical artery as it passes anteriorly towards the abdominal wall.

Course

The small superior vesical arteries pass medially to the superior aspect of the bladder.

Branches

The superior vesical arteries give off a ureteric branch that supplies the inferior portion or the ureter. In males, the superior vesical artery gives off the artery to ductus deferens.

Supplied Structures

The superior vesical artery supplies the superior portion of the bladder and superior part of the intrapelvic portion of the ureter. In males, the artery to the ductus deferens accompanies the ductus to the testis.

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When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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