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Saphenous Branch of Descending Genicular Artery (Right)
Cardiovascular System

Saphenous Branch of Descending Genicular Artery (Right)

Ramus saphenus arteriae descendentis genus

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Quick Facts

Origin: A terminal branch of the descending genicular artery in the medial aspect of the distal thigh.

Course: Descends with the saphenous nerve along medial aspect of the knee joint.

Branches: Contributes to the genicular anastomosis.

Supplied Structures: Knee joint and the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues along the superomedial leg.

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Origin

The saphenous branch arises from the descending genicular artery, a branch arising from the femoral artery before the point where it passes through the adductor hiatus.

Course

The saphenous branch of the descending genicular artery pierces the adductor canal and descends with the saphenous nerve deep to the sartorius muscle. It continues distally along the medial aspect of the knee joint.

Branches

There are no named branches of the saphenous branch of the descending genicular artery; however, it does contribute to the genicular anastomosis.

Supplied Structures

The saphenous branch of the descending genicular artery supplies the knee joint. It also contributes to the vascular supply of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue of the medial aspect of the proximal leg.

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