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Middle Genicular Artery (Right)
Cardiovascular System

Middle Genicular Artery (Right)

Arteria media genus

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Quick Facts

Origin: The popliteal artery within the popliteal fossa.

Course: Pierces the oblique popliteal ligament to enter the knee joint capsule.

Branches: None.

Supplied Structures: Cruciate ligaments, synovial membrane of knee joint capsule.

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Origin

The middle genicular artery is a small unpaired branch of the popliteal artery. It arises between the paired sural and inferior genicular arteries within the popliteal fossa.

Course

The middle genicular artery traverses the oblique popliteal ligament to enter the knee joint.

Branches

There are no named branches.

Supplied Structures

The middle genicular artery supplies the synovial membrane of the joint capsule of the knee and the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Cruciate ligament surgery

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Artery

ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

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Complete Anatomy