Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Posterior Segmental Artery of Kidney
Cardiovascular System

Posterior Segmental Artery of Kidney

Arteria segmenti posterioris renis

Read more


The posterior segmental artery is the direct continuation of the posterior branch of the renal artery. Its name changes as it passes through the hilum of the kidney (renal sinus).


The posterior segmental artery passes posterior to the renal pelvis and travels laterally, more or less horizontally.


The posterior segmental artery gives rise to interlobar branches, usually one for each renal pyramid within the posterior lobe of the kidney.

Supplied Structures

The posterior segmental artery supplies the posterior lobe of the kidney, which includes all of the central-posterior surface of the kidney. This excludes the superior and inferior poles and a small posterolateral portion (Rani et al., 2014).

List of Clinical Correlates

- The segmental arteries of the kidney are virtual end arteries. They supply non-overlapping “segments” of kidney tissue. In other words, the segments are defined by the vascular territories of the segmental arterial branches. This has important implications in kidney segmental resection.


Rani, N., Singh, S., Dhar, P. and Kumar, R. (2014) 'Surgical importance of arterial segments of human kidneys: an angiography and corrosion cast study', Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR, 8(3), pp. 1-3.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products


ScienceDirect image

Arteries are vessels transporting blood between heart, tissues, and other organs in order to supply them with nutrition and oxygen.

Explore on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy