Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Posterior Branch of Renal Artery (Left)
Cardiovascular System

Posterior Branch of Renal Artery (Left)

Ramus posterior arteriae renalis

Read more


The posterior branch of the renal artery is formed by the bifurcation of the renal artery into two main branches next to, or at, the renal hilum.


The posterior branch of the renal artery travels almost horizontally. The artery takes a lateral course and travels posteriorly to the ureter.


The number of posterior branches of the renal artery varies between individuals. They continue to divide, passing to the renal columns within the cortex of the kidney, before terminating as the glomeruli of the nephron.

Supplied Structures

The posterior branch of the renal artery supplies the medulla and cortex of the kidney.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Renal Artery

ScienceDirect image

Dissection of the renal artery refers to a disruption of the intima that extends into the media (Figs. 1.90 and 1.91), with creation of a false lumen or a double channel, or results in a complete vascular occlusion causing renal infarction.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy