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Greater Palatine Artery
Cardiovascular System

Greater Palatine Artery

Arteria palatina major

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Quick Facts

Origin: Descending palatine artery.

Course: Passes anteriorly along the roof of the hard palate.

Branches: None.

Supplied Structures: Hard palate, gingiva of maxillary teeth, nasal septum.

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The greater palatine artery arises from the descending palatine artery in the greater palatine canal.


The greater palatine artery passes onto the hard palate through the greater palatine foramen of the bony palate and passes forwards on the hard palate.


There are no named branches; however, the greater palatine artery continues into the incisive canal and forms an anastomosis with the sphenopalatine artery.

Supplied Structures

The greater palatine artery supplies the hard palate and the gingivae of the maxillary teeth. Additionally, through its anastomosis with the sphenopalatine artery, it helps supply the nasal septum.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Greater Palatine Artery

ScienceDirect image

It is formed by the ascending branch of the greater palatine artery, the sphenopalatine artery and the septal branch of the superior labial artery.

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