April 22

Earth Day 2016

#EarthDay2016  #trees4earth

Now in its 46th year, Earth Day aims to promote a healthy, sustainable environment, address climate change, and protect the Earth for future generations. With more than 1 billion people now participating in Earth Day activities each year, it’s the largest civic observance in the world.

In 2015, Elsevier’s Analytical Services team in collaboration with SciDev.Net wrote a report  about the global research landscape that surrounds the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The Sustainability in Science report focused on 6 key themes, one of which was the “Planet”. In celebration of Earth Day, we used the same search terms for the “Planet” theme in both SciVal and Scopus to take a look at the researchers, institutions and countries working in sustainability science.

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Sustainability research - The planet overview

Output: 186, 216 publications (2010-2015)
17,631 papers published with the keyphrase Greenhouse Gases alone!

Top keyphrases: Greenhouse gases, climate change, global warming


Sustainability research - Global publication output over time

Output: 442,100 publications in Scopus (1843 – 2016)
A graph like this shows this is a fast growing and emerging field!

International collaboration and therefore general co-operation on this research is also on the rise.

Section two header graphic

Sustainability research - Top countries

Top research countries by Field-Weighted Citation Impact (FWCI)

Top countries

The United States generates more in sustainability research papers than the 2nd and 3rd countries combined. When we look at FWCI, Panama leads globally with 2.93 (on average their publications in this field have 2.93 times the global citation average). Of the 233 papers, over 80% are co-authored by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama!

Panama focuses on tropical forests, reforestation and deforestation.

The Netherlands, which has the largest FWCI with over 1,000 papers, concentrates mainly on  the ecosystem service, climate change and emissions.

Section three header graphic

Sustainability research - Top authors

Top Authors

Key: x-axis:publication year / y-axis: collaboration

Authors

Highest cited article by Philippe Ciais (CNRS) in this area has 1,001 Scopus citations:

  • Pan, Y., Birdsey, R.A., Fang, J. and 15 more. A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests (2011) Science, 333 (6045), pp. 988-993

Carbon sink is the process of carbon absorption into the land and sea. Trees play a big role in that process.

Carbon Cycle

This diagram of the fast carbon cycle shows the movement of carbon between land, atmosphere, and oceans in billions of tons of carbon per year. Yellow numbers are natural fluxes, red are human contributions in billions of tons of carbon per year. White numbers indicate stored carbon.
Source: NASA

Sustainability Science in a Global Landscape graphic

Learn more about the insights into the global research landscape surrounding the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Sustainability Science in a Global Landscape, conducted by Elsevier in collaboration with SciDev.Net, contributes to the understanding of sustainability science as a research field and the dialogue between science and society in sustainable development.

Download the Sustainability Report

Scopus search terms used:
TITLE-ABS-KEY ( " climate change adaptation* " OR " vulnerability to climate change " OR " radiative forcing " OR " thermal expansion " OR " energy transition " OR " energy transformation " OR " climate mitigation " OR (" sustainable consumption " AND climate) OR " climate tipping point* " OR " anthropocene " OR " desertification " OR (" conservation " AND climate) OR " ocean ecology " OR (" land use change* " AND climate) OR " deforestation " OR " reforestation " OR " climate impact " OR " ecological resilience " OR " aquatic ecology " OR " carbon capture " OR " carbon capture and storage " OR " climate mitigation " OR " sea level rise " OR " weather extreme* " OR (" financing adaptation " AND climate) OR " ocean acidification " OR " sustainable fisher " OR (" bioeconomy "AND climate) OR (" biological production " AND climate) OR " ecosystem service* " OR (" sustainable food production " AND climate) OR " rain forest loss " OR " rain forest restoration " OR (" biodiversity " AND climate) OR (" food chain composition " AND climate) OR " Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change " OR " climate feedback " OR " United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change " OR " Climate policy " OR " ocean temperature " OR " ice-ocean interaction* " OR " clean development mechanism* " OR " climate forcing " OR " climate modelling " OR " Climate model* " OR (" adaptive management " AND climate) OR " climate prediction " OR " climate effect* " OR " atmosphere-ocean coupling " OR " glacier mass balance " OR " emissions trading " OR " atmospheric general circulation model* " OR " Greenhouse Effect* " OR " glacier retreat " OR " sea level pressure " OR " global climate " OR " global warming " OR " greenhouse gas* " OR " urban climate " OR " sea ice " OR " climate variation* " OR " glacier dynamics " OR " Submarine geophysics " OR " El Nino-Southern Oscillation " OR " North Atlantic Oscillation " OR " carbon emission* " OR " regional climate " OR " climate signal* " OR " Emission reduction " OR " Greenhouse gases " OR " terrestrial ecosystem* " OR " Sea level rise " OR " Earth System Model *" OR " Global Circulation Model* " OR " Carbon cycle " OR " Nitrogen cycle " OR " Biochemical cycle " OR " Paleoclimate " OR ( " Extreme event " AND climate ) OR " Ocean acidification " OR " Climate service* " OR " LULUCF " OR " AFOLU " OR " Climate policy " OR (" Mitigation pathway " AND climate) OR " Greenhouse gas " OR "carbon trading " OR "carbon tax" OR "UNFCCC mechanism*" OR ( island AND climate ) OR ( megacity AND climate ) OR ( megacities AND climate ) OR ( adaptation AND climate ) OR ( mitigation AND climate ) )

All data and charts taken from SciVal and Scopus on April 15, 2016