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Posterior Root of Eleventh Thoracic Nerve (Right)
Nervous System

Posterior Root of Eleventh Thoracic Nerve (Right)

Radix posterior nervi thoracici undecimi

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Origin

The posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve originates just lateral to or in the intervertebral foramen, between the eleventh and twelfth thoracic vertebrae. This corresponds to the point where the thoracic nerve splits into anterior and posterior roots.

Course

The posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve runs from the intervertebral foramen medially towards the posterior side of the spinal cord. Because the intervertebral foramen is significantly lower than the corresponding spinal cord level, the posterior root must also ascend within the vertebral column. Adjacent to the appropriate spinal cord level, the posterior root splits into smaller rootlets, which enter the posterior spinal cord in line with the dorsal horn of the gray matter.

Branches

There are no branches of the posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve. The proximal end of the posterior root has a bulge called the spinal (or dorsal root) ganglion, which is the location of the neuronal cell bodies of the neurons that form the posterior root.

Supplied Structures & Function

The posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve carries all afferents from the eleventh thoracic nerve, both somatic and visceral, to the eleventh thoracic spinal segment of the spinal cord.

General somatic afferents originate in the sensory receptors of the periphery and convey sensations such as pain, temperature, and touch from the skin. Stretch receptors in muscles also send information on stretch via general somatic afferents.

The somatic afferents pass from either the posterior ramus or the anterior ramus of the eleventh thoracic nerve into the eleventh thoracic nerve itself. As they reach the medial border of the thoracic nerve, they segregate from the outgoing efferents by branching off to form the posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve.

The posterior ramus of the eleventh thoracic nerve conveys general somatic sense from the dorsal skin and epaxial muscles of the lower trunk to the posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve.

The anterior ramus of the eleventh thoracic nerve conveys general somatic sensations from the eleventh intercostal space to the posterior root of the eleventh thoracic nerve and to the spinal cord. Additionally, sensory information from the skin and muscles of the abdomen is conveyed back to the posterior root of the eleventh thoracic level.

General visceral afferents from the midgut, adrenal glands, and kidneys travel back along the lesser splanchnic nerve and into the eleventh thoracic spinal nerve, via the gray communicating branches (rami communicantes) of the sympathetic chain, before segregating into the posterior root of the eleventh thoracic spinal nerve. These continue into the posterior horn of the eleventh thoracic spinal segment of the spinal cord.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Referred pain

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Thoracic Nerves

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The 12th thoracic nerve is called the subcostal nerve and is unique in that it gives off a branch to the first lumbar nerve, thus contributing to the lumbar plexus.

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