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Superior Cortical Part of Middle Cerebral Artery
Cardiovascular System

Superior Cortical Part of Middle Cerebral Artery

Pars corticalis superior arteriae cerebri mediae

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Quick Facts

The superior cortical branch is one of the two terminal branches of the middle cerebral artery, the other being the inferior terminal branch. It is also known as the superior terminal trunk of the middle cerebral artery, or the superior cortical branch of the middle cerebral artery.

From its origin, near the anterior part of the lateral sulcus, it travels posterosuperiorly along the lateral sulcus, superior to the inferior terminal branch. Along its course, the superior terminal branch of the middle cerebral artery gives off branches; these include the lateral frontobasal and prefrontal arteries, as well as the arteries to the precentral, central, and postcentral sulci.

Overall, the superior terminal branch of the middle cerebral artery and its branches provide an arterial supply to the frontal lobe, precentral, central and postcentral sulci.

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Middle Cerebral Artery

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The middle cerebral arteries (MCA) pass laterally into the sylvian fissure, where they turn posteriorly to pass in the fissure superiorly towards the parietal region.

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