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Superficial Temporal Artery
Cardiovascular System

Superficial Temporal Artery

Arteria temporalis superficialis

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Quick Facts

Origin: External carotid artery.

Course: Ascends to the scalp.

Branches: Transverse facial, zygomaticoorbital, and middle temporal arteries, parotid, anterior auricular, occipital, frontal, and parietal branches.

Supplied Structures: Structures of the parotid and temporal regions.

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Origin

The superficial temporal artery arises as the smaller terminal branch of the external carotid artery, within the substance of the parotid gland behind the neck of the mandible.

Course

The superficial temporal artery ascends superficially, passing over the zygomatic process of the temporal bone. It continues to ascend, with the auriculotemporal nerve, to the scalp for about 4 cm. It terminates by dividing into its terminal frontal and parietal branches. Because of its superficial location, the pulse of the superficial temporal artery can be palpable immediately anterior to the tragus of auricle.

Branches

The superficial temporal artery provides several named branches, including the transverse facial, zygomaticoorbital, and middle temporal arteries. Additionally, it provides parotid, anterior auricular, occipital, frontal, and parietal branches.

Supplied Structures

The superficial temporal artery provides arterial supply to the skin and muscles of the side of the face and scalp. It also supplies the parotid gland and temporomandibular joint.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Superficial Temporal Artery

ScienceDirect image

Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass is a direct revascularization surgery that was pioneered by Yasargil117 and then applied to moyamoya disease by Karasawa and Kikuchi118 and Reichman and colleagues119 independently.

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