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Superficial Epigastric Artery
Cardiovascular System

Superficial Epigastric Artery

Arteria epigastrica superficialis

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Quick Facts

Origin: Femoral artery.

Course: Superomedially towards the umbilicus.

Branches: None.

Supplied Structures: Subcutaneous tissue of inguinal region and inferior abdominal wall.

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The superficial epigastric artery arises from the proximal portion of the femoral artery.


From its origin near the superficial circumflex iliac artery, it travels anteriorly and pierces the cribriform fascia (part of the superficial fascia of the thigh covering the saphenous opening). It then travels superomedially, anterior to the inguinal ligament within the subcutaneous tissue of the anterior abdominal wall. It anastomoses with the inferior epigastric arteries around the level of the umbilicus.


The superficial epigastric artery gives rise to several small unnamed cutaneous branches.

Supplied Structures

The superficial epigastric artery provides cutaneous supply to the inguinal region and the lower anterior abdominal wall.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Epigastric Artery

ScienceDirect image

Epigastric arteries and veins usually lie deep within the midportion of the RA.

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