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Superficial Circumflex Iliac Artery
Cardiovascular System

Superficial Circumflex Iliac Artery

Arteria circumflexa iliaca superficialis

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The superficial circumflex iliac artery originates as the smallest branch of the femoral artery, arising close to the superficial epigastric artery.


The superficial circumflex iliac artery emerges just lateral to the saphenous opening, piercing the fascia lata. The artery extends laterally in the subcutaneous tissue, distal to the inguinal ligament, to reach the anterior superior iliac spine.


Since the superficial circumflex iliac artery is a terminal branch, it does not give off any branches. However, it does form anastomoses with the deep circumflex iliac, superior gluteal, and lateral circumflex femoral arteries.

Supplied Structures

The superficial circumflex iliac artery supplies the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the inguinal region and abdominal wall.

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