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Short Gastric Arteries
Cardiovascular System

Short Gastric Arteries

Arteriae gastricae breves

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Quick Facts

Origin: Splenic artery.

Course: Pass superiorly and to the right to the portion of the greater curvature of the stomach in the region of the fundus.

Branches: None.

Supplied Structures: Fundus of the stomach and opening of cardia, adjacent to the greater curvature.

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Origin

The short gastric arteries arise from the distal part of the splenic artery. There may be 5–7 small branches. Occasionally, the short gastric arteries may arise from the left gastroomental artery.

Course

The short gastric arteries pass superiorly and to the right between the layers of the gastrosplenic ligament to the fundus of the stomach.

Branches

There are no named branches; however, the short gastric arteries anastomose with branches of left gastric and left gastroomental arteries.

Supplied Structures

The short gastric arteries supply the fundus of the stomach, adjacent to the greater curvature. Additionally, it supplies the cardiac orifice of the stomach.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Gastric Artery

ScienceDirect image

The left gastric artery usually arises as one of the three major branches of the celiac trunk, originating anywhere from the orifice of the trunk to the hepatic-splenic bifurcation (Figs.

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