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Mental Branch of Inferior Alveolar Artery (Left)
Cardiovascular System

Mental Branch of Inferior Alveolar Artery (Left)

Ramus mentalis arteriae alveolaris inferioris

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Origin

The mental branch of the inferior alveolar artery arises from the inferior alveolar artery as it passes within the mandibular canal.

Course

The mental branch of the inferior alveolar artery leaves the mandibular canal through the mental foramen.

Branches

There are no branches, however, the mental branch of the inferior alveolar artery anastomosis with the submental and inferior labial arteries, and with its fellow from the opposite side.

Supplied Structures

The mental branch of the inferior alveolar artery supplies the mylohyoid muscle and chin.

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Artery

ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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