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Buccal Artery
Cardiovascular System

Buccal Artery

Arteria buccalis

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Origin

The buccal artery arises from the maxillary artery.

Course

The buccal artery passes forwards between the lateral pterygoid plate and the tendon of the temporalis muscle to reach the buccinator muscle.

Branches

There are no named branches; however, the buccal artery may anastomose with branches of the facial and infraorbital arteries.

Supplied Structures

The buccal artery supplies the buccinator muscle and overlying skin, and the adjacent mucosa in the mouth.

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Artery

ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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