How researchers are driving innovation
While our athletes compete for medals, trophies, and glory on the world stage, researchers behind the scenes are driving innovation in sports and sport technology.
15 years of Research in Brazil
As Brazil plays host to the international sporting community this summer, using SciVal analytics, we've looked at how Brazil’s research compares to come of the world’s traditional leaders in sports competitions.
We've explored scholarly research output and collaboration from 2000-2015.
Scholarly Research Output
Since 2000, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Russia experienced a similar growth in in the number of publication published: 92%, 88% and, 85% respectively.
Brazil and China saw the most dramatic increases, with Brazil’s publications growing by 360% in 15 years and China’s growing by 775%
Teamwork not only happens in the arena - it is an important aspect of research as institutions collaborate internationally on publications.
Since 2011, Brazil has collaborated internationally on 80,886 publications, including 3,741 publications with both academic and corporate aliations.
Germany has the highest percentage of publications published in collaboration with industry (3.6%); Russia and Brazil both publish 1.2% of their publications with corporate partners.
Sports Research (2011-2015)
Research is also conducted on specific sports each year in the hopes of making athletes run faster, jump higher, develop more effective training, and reduce injuries.
Between 2011 and 2015, within global publications mentioning “athletic performance”, the use of keywords such as Soccer and Fatigue have been trending upwards, whereas Muscle Strength and Martial Arts have been trending downwards.
Scholarly Research Output
Research mentioning “athletic performance” has been increasing year over year and has grown from 282 publications in 2011 to 490 publications in 2015.
Number of publications
Brazil has 194 publications on “athletic performance”, second globally only to the United States, and has two institutions among the most active in this area:
- Universidade de Sao Paulo (57 publications)
- Unviersidade Estadual de Londrina (21 publications)
Track and Field
Track and Field usually includes a variety of events, among them running, jumping, or javelins.
If you are interested in research about track and field, the Activity in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research has 27 publications, and a collective Field Weighted Citation Impact (FWCI)* of 1.70v
The most cited publication mentioning “track and field” is an analysis of race-walking techniques with 119 citations.
With 32 publications mentioning “volleyball” in the Title, Abstract, or Keywords, The Universidad de Porto in Portugal is the leading publisher on the topic.
China’s 154 publications on “table tennis” make up 37% of global scholarly output on the sport. This is over four times more publications than Germany - the next leading country with 37.
Australia and the United Kingdom have the highest Field Weighted Citation Impact (FWCI)* when it comes to publications about “tennis”, with a FWCI of 1.28 and 1.27, respectively.
Brazil is the most prolific on the topic of “judo”.
Over half of Brazil’s publications on the sport are from the Universidad de Sao Paulo, with 49 publications and a Field Weighted Citation Impact (FWCI) of 1.47.
One of the most popular long-distance running events, the marathon is a test of endurance and stamina. Many of the most-cited publications among the 1,500 that reference “marathons” examine the health effects of endurance exercises.
The most cited publication that references “marathons” has 166 citations.
One of the most cited papers, with 92 citations, on gymnastics explores the effect that balance ability has on athletic performance:
While the majority of research activity on Handball is happening in European countries, such as Spain, Germany, and Norway, Brazil, the United States, and Australia are also among the top publishers of Handball publications.
Research on Rugby has been gaining momentum and in the past four years, publications have increased by 40%. Institutions in Australia and New Zealand are among the most impactful, based on the number of publications and the high Field Weighted Citation Impact (FWCI)* compared to the rest of the world.
* Field-weighted Citation Impact (FWCI) is a citation measure that normalizes for size, field and publication-type. World average is always 1.0, so anything higher than 1.0 is above world average.
All data comes from SciVal – July 26, 2016 (Scopus data up to July 4, 2016) and includes all publication types (articles, papers, surveys, reviews, editorials, etc)