NSF Science and Engineering Indicators 2016
Published biennially, the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Indicators (SEI) provides quantifiable measures of the scope, quality, and vitality of the science and engineering enterprise, both in the United States and around the world.
Scopus Data Provides a Global View of Research
The 2016 Indicators report is the first to use metrics derived from data in Elsevier's Scopus database. The NSF turned to Scopus for a more global view of research trends — the 2016 analysis included research output from books and expanded coverage of conference proceedings, in addition to nearly 17,000 journals, compared to the 5,087 included in the 2014 report.
Global Investment in R&D on the Rise
The global amount of R&D expenditure has doubled in the decade following 2003.
Total R&D investment in 2013 was $1.67 trillion.
China exhibited the highest average annual growth in domestic R&D expenditure.
Research Output on the Rise
While the US and European Union continue to produce the most research in total, China, Brazil, and India saw rapid growth in research output from 2003-2013.
Over this period, China's share of global research tripled.
Research without Borders
The highest levels of international collaboration takes place in the Geosciences, Biological Sciences, and Chemistry.
"The use of the Scopus database represents a substantial increase in the global coverage of bibliometric data compared to prior years. The change...allows NSF to present data on the most highly cited S&E publications as well as on a broader set of publications that provide insight into trends in emerging and developing countries."
Science and Engineering Indicators 2016
Focus on Biological and Medical Sciences
46% of all US science and engineering publications are in the biological or medical sciences; but where does each sector focus most of its work?
Increased Collaboration between US and Global Researchers
Between 2000 and 2013, the global share of scientific and engineering publications with authors from more than one country grew by 45.5%. How much do US researchers collaborate internationally?