Open access licenses

We aim to provide the best choice of user license options which define how readers can reuse open access articles published on our platforms.


Elsevier's policy

  • Offer a choice between a commercial and noncommercial Creative Commons license in our proprietary titles.  The choice is dependent on the journal in which the author chooses to publish. Please refer to the journal's homepage for specific details.
  • Use the Elsevier user license for our open archive content
  • We support green open access and accepted manuscripts can be self -archived following our sharing guidelines and are required to attach a CC-BY-NC-ND license.

Choosing a license

Once selected, Creative Commons user licenses are non-revocable. We recommend authors check if their funding body requires a specific license. See the Creative Commons website for more details about what to consider before choosing a user license.

User license*

Read, print and download

Redistribute or republish the final article (e.g. display in a repository)

Text and data mine

Translate the article

Reuse portions or extracts from the article in other works

Sell or re-use for commercial purposes

CC BY 4.0

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes
For private use only and not for distribution

Yes

No

Elsevier user license

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

*The CC BY-NC-SA user license is only available for specific society owned titles that have chosen to make this license available. Please note: For CC BY-NC-ND, CC BY-NC-SA and for the Elsevier user license permitted 3rd party reuse of open access articles is only applicable for non-commercial purposes. For further details on the rights granted to Elsevier see our copyright information.