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Tunica Vaginalis Testis (Lateral Part; Right)
Urogenital System

Tunica Vaginalis Testis (Lateral Part; Right)

tunica vaginalis testis

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Structure/Morphology

The tunica vaginalis is the outermost of three layers that surround the testis. It is a continuation of the processus vaginalis, which is formed prior to the descent of the fetal testes. When the testes descend from the abdomen to the pelvis, the tunica vaginalis forms two layers:

—the visceral layer that surrounds the tunica albuginea (except for the posterior portion of the testis);

—the parietal layer that surrounds and extends proximally over a portion of the spermatic cord.

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Key Features/ Anatomical Relations

The tunica vaginalis testis is superficial to the tunica albuginea. There is a cavity containing a small volume of fluid between the visceral and parietal layers of the tunica vaginalis testis.

Function

The tunica vaginalis testis produces a small volume of fluid to provide lubrication to reduce friction of testes within the scrotum.

List of Clinical Correlates

— Hydrocele

—Indirect hernia

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Tunica Vaginalis

ScienceDirect image

The outer layer is tunica vaginalis, which is a part of the peritoneum descending with the fetal testis from the abdomen to the scrotum.

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