Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Lateral Part of Prostate (Left)
Urogenital System

Lateral Part of Prostate (Left)

Pars lateralis prostatae

Read more

Quick Facts

Location: Main mass of the prostate gland located inferior to the bladder.

Arterial Supply: Inferior vesical, internal pudendal, and middle rectal arteries.

Venous Drainage: Prostatic venous plexus.

Innervation: Autonomic: Inferior hypogastric plexus.

Lymphatic Drainage: External and internal iliac lymph nodes.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free


There are two lateral lobes of the prostate, right and left, which form the main mass of the prostate gland. They are continuous with each other posteriorly and are separated in the midline by the prostatic urethra.

Anatomical Relations

The lateral lobes of the prostate fully encircle the prostate.


The prostate provides passage for urine and sperm out of the body. During ejaculation, the prostate secretes a slightly alkaline fluid into the prostatic urethra. Fluid from the prostate, together with seminal fluid from the seminal gland, and sperm from the ductus deferens combine to form semen.

Arterial Supply

The prostate receives blood from various sources. Prostatic branches from the inferior vesical artery communicate across the midline of the prostate. The inferior gluteal, internal pudendal, and middle rectal arteries supply the prostate gland.

Venous Drainage

The prostatic venous plexus surrounds the anterolateral aspect of the prostate. It receives tributaries from the deep dorsal vein of the penis and the vesical venous plexus and drains into the internal iliac veins.


The prostate gland receives both autonomic and somatic visceral innervation. The inferior hypogastric plexus supplies the prostate. The nerves traveling to the prostate form a peri-prostatic nerve plexus within the prostatic capsule. The prostatic plexus supplies the smooth muscle of the prostate and prostatic urethra. The transversely crescent-shaped skeletal muscle is supplied by the pudendal nerve. This skeletal muscle contracts and dilates the prostatic urethra.

Lymphatic Drainage

The lymphatic drainage of the prostate is through the medial group of external iliac nodes, in which the efferent nodes pass to the internal iliac lymph nodes.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Prostate cancer

—Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy