Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Bones of Viscerocranium
Skeletal System

Bones of Viscerocranium

Ossa viscerocranii

Read more


The bones of viscerocranium (facial skeleton) is one of the two groups of bones of the cranium, the other group being the bones of neurocranium. Fifteen bones contribute to the formation of the viscerocranium:

- six paired bones (maxillae, inferior nasal conchae, and palatine, lacrimal, zygomatic, and nasal bones);

- three singular bones (mandible, vomer, and ethmoid bone).

The cribriform plate is the only portion of the ethmoid bone that contributes to the formation of the neurocranium, the rest of the bone contributes to the formation of the viscerocranium.

Overall, the bones of viscerocranium:

- provide the skeletal framework for the orbital, nasal and oral cavities;

- provide attachment sites to muscles of the head;

- accommodate the teeth and the sensory structures for sight, hearing, smell and taste.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Facial Bone

ScienceDirect image

The facial bones may be a problem, too: after a shot into the mouth, PMCT shows the extension of the fractures, and vascular and cerebral injuries.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy