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Proximal Phalanx of Middle Finger
Skeletal System

Proximal Phalanx of Middle Finger

Phalanx proximalis digiti medii manus

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Quick Facts

Location: Hand.

Bone Type: Long bone.

Key Features: Head, body, base, and proximal and distal articular facets.

Articulates With: Third metacarpal bone and middle phalanx of middle finger.

Arterial Supply: Proper palmar digital arteries.

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Key Features & Anatomical Relations

The proximal phalanx of the middle finger is one of the fourteen phalangeal bones of the hand. It’s classified as a long bone and includes the following bony features:

- parts: head, body, and base;

- landmarks: proximal and distal articular facets.

More information regarding these bony features can be found in the Parts and Landmarks tabs for this bone.

The proximal phalanx is located:

- proximal to the middle phalanx of the middle finger;

- distal to the third metacarpal bone;

It articulates with the:

- middle phalanx at the proximal interphalangeal joint;

- metacarpal bone at the metacarpophalangeal joint.


Ossification of the proximal phalanx of middle finger occurs at two ossification centers, these are found in the:

- body, which appears in utero during the third month;

- base, which appears during the second year.

These ossification centers fuse with each other during the fifteenth to eighteenth years (Standring, 2016).

Surface Anatomy

The head, body, and base of the proximal phalanx can be easily palpated.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Fracture

- Brachyphalangia

- Symphalangia

- Thiemann’s disease


Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Proximal Phalanx

ScienceDirect image

The proximal phalanx is a tubular bone that consists of a base, a diaphysis, and a head.

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