Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Nervous System



Read more

Quick Facts

The cerebellum belongs to the metencephalon division of the rhombencephalon, or hindbrain. It is located beneath the cerebral hemispheres and is identified by the series of shallow grooves that run in parallel across it.

It is connected to the brainstem by thick bundles of nervous fibers called peduncles, which transmit signals to and from the cerebellum, cerebrum, midbrain and spinal cord. The cerebellum lies dorsal to the pons, which acts as a bridge of white matter, transmitting signals between the cerebrum and the cerebellum.

The cerebellum is heavily involved in the control and learning of movement, sending continuous adjustment signals to the motor output of the brain to refine movements and to adjust posture. While it is heavily implicated in motor control and refinement, the cerebellum is also involved in other higher order functions such as language, attention and emotional learning.

The interior of the cerebellum consists of a series of white matter tracts, which radiate from a central stem of white matter towards the grey matter exterior of the cerebellum. The tree-like appearance of these tracts gives rise to their name - the arbor vitae.

The cerebellum consists of three anatomically distinct but continuous regions - the two cerebral hemispheres on either side, and the vermis that connects them in the middle. A cerebellar tonsil protrudes from the undersurface of the cerebellum and is continuous with the vermis. Each cerebellar hemisphere is further divided into three lobes, a posterior lobe, an anterior lobe and a flocculonodular lobe.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Cerebellum: Video, Anatomy, Definition & Function

Osmosis image

Cerebellum Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Cerebellum.

Explore on Osmosisopens in new tab/window


ScienceDirect image

The cerebellum is a small organ located in the cerebellar fossa of the occipital bone, divided into hemispheres.

Explore on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy