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Circular Muscular Layer of Cecum (Anterior)
Digestive System

Circular Muscular Layer of Cecum (Anterior)

Stratum musculare circulare caeci

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The muscular layer of the cecum, like the small intestine, consists of an inner circular layer and an outer longitudinal layer of smooth muscle fibers.

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Key Features/Anatomical Relations

The circular layer of smooth muscle fibers surrounds the mucosal and submucosal layers of the cecum.


The coordinated contractions of the longitudinal and circular muscular layer of the cecum are responsible for producing peristaltic contractions of the gut, thus propelling the ingested substance through the lumen of the gut.

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ScienceDirect image

Either the cecum is defined arbitrarily as the right iliac fossa and a skin marker is used or it is considered retrospectively as the area in which radioisotope accumulates.

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