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Superior Glenohumeral Ligament
Connective Tissue

Superior Glenohumeral Ligament

Ligamentum glenohumerale superius

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Anatomical Relations

The glenohumeral ligaments include the superior, middle, and inferior ligaments.

The superior glenohumeral ligament passes from the supraglenoid tubercle, adjacent to the origin of the long head of biceps brachii muscle, to the proximal tip of the lesser tubercle of the humerus. It forms the anterior cover for the tendon of the long head of biceps brachii muscle.

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The glenohumeral ligaments are fibrous bands and are only truly evident from within the joint.


The superior glenohumeral ligament reinforces the articular capsule of the glenohumeral joint, particularly the anterior portion of the capsule. Additionally, together with the coracohumeral ligament, it helps suspend the humeral head, thus stabilizing the joint.

List of clinical correlates

—Glenohumeral joint dislocation

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Glenohumeral Ligaments

ScienceDirect image

The medial glenohumeral ligament courses from the rim of the glenoid to insert caudal to the lesser tubercle.

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