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Trochanteric Bursa of Gluteus Maximus Muscle
Connective Tissue

Trochanteric Bursa of Gluteus Maximus Muscle

Bursa trochanterica musculi glutei maximi

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Structure

Bursae are sac-like structures, with an inner synovial membrane, that produces a thin film of synovial fluid. They aid in reducing friction between moving tissues of the body, such as between tendon and bone, ligament and bone, tendons and ligaments, and between muscles.

Inflammation of the bursa is known as bursitis. If the inflammation is due to injury or strain, it is known as aseptic bursitis. However, if the inflammation is caused by infection, it is known as septic bursitis.

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Anatomical Relations

The trochanteric bursa of gluteus maximus lies between the gluteus maximus muscle and the greater trochanter of the femur.

Function

Generally, the trochanteric bursa of the gluteus maximus muscle reduces friction, preventing damage to the bone as the gluteus maximus slides over it.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Trochanteric bursitis

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Synovial Bursa

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Synovial bursae provide a gliding surface and a cushion for soft tissues as they pass over skeletal prominences and are found over bone and under muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, or skin.

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