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Trochanteric Bursa of Gluteus Minimus Muscle (Right)
Connective Tissue

Trochanteric Bursa of Gluteus Minimus Muscle (Right)

Bursa trochanterica musculi glutei minimi

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Structure

Bursae are sac-like structures, with an inner synovial membrane, that produces a thin film of synovial fluid. They aid in reducing friction between moving tissues of the body, such as between tendon and bone, ligament and bone, tendons and ligaments, and between muscles.

Inflammation of the bursa is known as bursitis. If the inflammation is due to injury or strain, it is known as aseptic bursitis. However, if the inflammation is caused by infection, it is known as septic bursitis.

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Anatomical Relations

The trochanteric bursa of the gluteus minimus muscle separates the gluteus minimus muscle from the medial part of the anterior surface of the greater trochanter of the femur (Standring, 2016).

Function

Generally, bursae reduce friction, preventing damage of the bone and tendon as the tendon slides on the bone.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Trochanteric bursitis

References

Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

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Synovial Bursa

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Synovial bursae provide a gliding surface and a cushion for soft tissues as they pass over skeletal prominences and are found over bone and under muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, or skin.

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