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Subcutaneous Bursa of Lateral Malleolus
Connective Tissue

Subcutaneous Bursa of Lateral Malleolus

Bursa subcutanea malleoli lateralis

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Structure

Bursae are sac-like structures, with an inner synovial membrane, that produces a thin film of synovial fluid. They aid in reducing friction between moving tissues of the body, such as between tendon and bone, ligament and bone, tendons and ligaments, and between muscles.

Inflammation of the bursa is known as bursitis. If the inflammation is due to injury or strain, it is known as aseptic bursitis. However, if the inflammation is caused by infection, it is known as septic bursitis.

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Anatomical Relations

The subcutaneous bursa of the lateral malleolus is a bursa located between the lateral malleolus and the skin.

Function

The subcutaneous bursa of the lateral malleolus reduces the friction between the lateral malleolus and the skin caused during movement.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Lateral malleolar bursitis

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Synovial Bursa

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Synovial bursae provide a gliding surface and a cushion for soft tissues as they pass over skeletal prominences and are found over bone and under muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, or skin.

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