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Femoral Vein
Cardiovascular System

Femoral Vein

Vena femoralis

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Quick Facts

Origin: Continuation of the popliteal vein.

Course: Ascends posterolateral to the femoral artery and continues as the external iliac vein.

Tributaries: Deep femoral, long saphenous, lateral and medial circumflex femoral, superficial epigastric, and perforating veins.

Drainage: Lower limb.

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Origin

The femoral vein originates as a continuation of the popliteal vein, after it passes through the adductor hiatus.

Course

The femoral vein ascends in the thigh. It runs with the femoral artery and nerve in the femoral sheath. The femoral vein continues proximally, passing deep to the inguinal ligament, where it becomes the external iliac vein.

Tributaries

The deep femoral vein joins the femoral vein 3 cm distal to the inguinal ligament (Standring, 2016). The great saphenous vein joins the femoral vein at the saphenous opening. The lateral and medial circumflex femoral veins join the femoral vein or the deep femoral vein. Additionally, the femoral vein receives perforating veins from the great saphenous vein, thus connecting the superficial venous system of the lower limb with the deep venous system.

Structures Drained

The femoral vein drains the lower limb.

References

Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41 edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Femoral Vein

ScienceDirect image

The femoral vein is the upward continuation of the popliteal vein that drains blood from the short (or small) saphenous vein and the anterior and posterior tibial veins.

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