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Interventricular Septum
Cardiovascular System

Interventricular Septum

Septum interventriculare

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Morphology/Structure

The interventricular septum is a muscular wall that separates the right and left ventricles. The atrioventricular nerve bundle runs through the interventricular septum. The bundle separates into the right and left branches, which run on the right and left sides of the septum respectively, descend towards the apex of the heart as the Purkinje fibers (or subendocardial branches).

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Key Featrues/Anatomical Relations

The interventricular septum has a muscular and a membranous portion. The muscular portion forms the majority of the septum and the membranous part is the upper and thinner portion of the septum.

Function

The interventricular septum separates the pulmonary and systemic circulatory systems by ensuring the division of the right and left ventricles. It provides structural support to the heart and contains conducting nerve fibers which ensure coordinated muscular contraction during the cardiac cycle.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Ventricular septal defects

- Tetralogy of Fallot

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Interventricular Septum: What Is It, Location, and More

Osmosis image

The interventricular septum, also known as the ventricular septum, refers to the triangular wall of cardiac tissue that separates the left and right ventricles (i

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Interventricular Septum

ScienceDirect image

The interventricular septum is a complex structure composed of muscular and fibrous tissue.

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Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

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