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Posterior Cecal Artery
Cardiovascular System

Posterior Cecal Artery

Arteria caecalis posterior

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Quick Facts

Origin: Ileal branch of the ileocolic artery.

Course: Passes from the region superior to the ileocecal junction over the posterior surface of the cecum.

Branches: None.

Supplied Structures: Posterior portion of the cecum.

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After the ileocolic artery bifurcates into ileal and colic branches, the ileal branch gives rise to several branches including the anterior and posterior cecal arteries. Sometimes they emerge from a common trunk.


The ileal branch of the ileocolic artery passes superior to the ileocecal junction giving anterior and posterior cecal branches sequentially or off a common trunk. The posterior cecal artery passes over the posterior surface of the cecum from superomedially to inferolaterally.


There are no named branches.

Supplied Structures

The posterior cecal artery supplies the posterior portion of the cecum.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products


ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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