Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Elsevier
Publish with us
Ophthalmic Artery
Cardiovascular System

Ophthalmic Artery

Arteria ophthalmica

Read more

Quick Facts

Origin: Internal carotid artery.

Course: Enters the orbit and travels along the medial wall between the superior oblique and medial rectus muscles.

Branches: Lacrimal, supraorbital, ciliary, muscular, posterior ethmoidal, anterior ethmoidal, palpebral, supratrochlear, and external nasal arteries, central artery of retina, recurrent meningeal branch.

Supplied Structures: Eyeball, orbit, facial structures.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free

Origin

The ophthalmic artery arises from the cerebral part of the internal carotid artery, just as it exits the cavernous sinus.

Course

The ophthalmic artery enters the orbit, inferolateral to the optic nerve, via the optic canal and lies within the common tendinous ring. It continuous anteriorly briefly, before passing medially and crosses over the optic nerve. The ophthalmic artery continues along the medial wall of the orbit, passing between the superior oblique and medial rectus muscles.

Branches

The branches of the ophthalmic artery include the central retinal artery, lacrimal artery, muscular branches, long and short ciliary arteries, supraorbital arteries, posterior and anterior ethmoidal arteries, medial palpebral arteries, and the terminal supratrochlear and external (dorsal) nasal arteries.

Supplied Structures

The ophthalmic artery supplies many structures including the eyeball, structures of the orbit, and adjacent facial structures.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Ophthalmic Artery

ScienceDirect image

The ophthalmic artery also gives off the central artery of the retina, which pierces the sheath of the optic nerve and finds its way deep into the nerve to appear on the surface of the retina in the middle of the optic disc.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy