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Mediastinal Branches of Internal Thoracic Artery (Right)
Cardiovascular System

Mediastinal Branches of Internal Thoracic Artery (Right)

Rami mediastinales arteriae thoracicae internae

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Quick Facts

Origin: Internal thoracic artery.

Course: Short course through the anterior mediastinum.

Branches: None.

Supplied Structures: Contents of the anterior (and superior) mediastinum.

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Origin

The mediastinal branches arise from the internal thoracic artery.

Course

The mediastinal branches are small arteries that extend over the anterior mediastinum.

Branches

There are no named branches.

Supplied Structures

The mediastinal branches supply structures of the anterior (and partially the superior) mediastinum including, mediastinal lymph nodes, areolar tissue (fat), pericardium, and thymus.

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Internal Thoracic Artery

ScienceDirect image

As in open ITA harvesting, we prefer a skeletonized technique (i.e., removal of the artery from the associated fascia and intercostal musculature) in order to increase the conduit length and to benefit from the higher flow capacity [23].

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