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Inferior Pancreatic Artery
Cardiovascular System

Inferior Pancreatic Artery

Arteria pancreatica inferior

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Quick Facts

Origin: Dorsal pancreatic artery.

Course: Posterior aspect and inferior border of pancreas.

Branches: Numerous small, unnamed branches.

Supplied Structures: Body and tail of pancreas.

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The inferior pancreatic artery typically arises from the dorsal pancreatic artery (left terminal branch). Occasionally, it may arise from the gastroduodenal or superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries (Covantev, Mazuruc and Belic, 2019).


The inferior pancreatic artery passes on the posterior aspect and inferior border of the pancreas towards the left.


The inferior pancreatic artery gives rise to numerous small, unnamed branches that heavily anastomose with small pancreatic branches from the splenic artery (Covantev, Mazuruc and Belic, 2019).

Supplied Structures

The inferior pancreatic artery supplies the body and tail of the pancreas.


Covantev, S., Mazuruc, N. and Belic, O. (2019) 'The Arterial Supply of the Distal Part of the Pancreas', Surgery Research and Practice, 2019, pp. 1–7.

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Arteries are vessels transporting blood between heart, tissues, and other organs in order to supply them with nutrition and oxygen.

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