Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Dorsal Pancreatic Artery
Cardiovascular System

Dorsal Pancreatic Artery

Arteria pancreatica dorsalis

Read more

Quick Facts

Origin: Splenic artery.

Course: Along the length of the pancreas anastomosing with pancreaticoduodenal artery branches (right) and other splenic artery branches.

Branches: Left and right branches.

Supplied Structures: Pancreas.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free


The dorsal pancreatic artery arises from the proximal portion of the splenic artery, but is highly variable (Tsutsumi et al., 2014).


The dorsal pancreatic artery courses posterior to splenic vein.


Gives off numerous branches, but the general pattern is that it splits into right and left branches (Tsutsumi et al., 2014). The right branch (anastomotic branch) passes to the right along the posterior surface or within the parenchyma of the pancreas. It extends to anastomose with branches of the superior and inferior posterior pancreatic arteries. The left branch, considered the terminus of the artery (terminal branch), passes along the inferior surface of the pancreas to the left into its tail anastomosing with the transverse pancreatic artery.

Supplied Structures

The dorsal pancreatic artery supplies the entire pancreas (uncinate process, head, neck, body, and tail) by contributing to arterial arcades of the pancreas.


Tsutsumi, M., Arakawa, T., Terashima, T., Aizawa, Y., Kageyama, I., Kumaki, K. and Miki, A. (2014) 'Morphological analysis of the branches of the dorsal pancreatic artery and their clinical significance', Clin Anat, 27(4), pp. 645-52.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products


ScienceDirect image

When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

Explore on ScienceDirect(opens in new tab/window)

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy