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Arteries of Orbital Cavity
Cardiovascular System

Arteries of Orbital Cavity

Arteriae cavitatis orbitalis

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Description

The ophthalmic artery is the main vessel that supplies the structures of the orbital cavity. The terminal branches of the ophthalmic artery, which arises from the internal carotid artery, have a rich anastomosis with branches from the facial, maxillary, and superficial temporal arteries, thus, creating a connection between the external and internal carotid arteries.

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Artery

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When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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