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Arteries of Mediastinum
Cardiovascular System

Arteries of Mediastinum

Arteriae mediastini

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Description

The arteries of the mediastinum refer to arteries that supply blood to the contents of the mediastinum. This may include, but not limited to, the internal thoracic artery and its branches (the mediastinal and thymic branches of the internal thoracic artery), and the descending thoracic aorta and its branches (mediastinal and pericardial branches).

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Artery

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When the artery is occluded blood is forced through the collateral vessels, drastically increasing fluid shear stress and triggering an inflammatory response which drives vessel remodeling.

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