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Subtrapezial Plexus
Nervous System

Subtrapezial Plexus

Plexus subtrapezialis

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Quick Facts

Origin: Spinal accessory nerve and second and third cervical nerves (C2-3).

Course: From the anastomosis on the transverse deep surface of the trapezius, fibers run laterally and inferiorly to innervate the lower two thirds of the trapezius.

Branches: None.

Supply: Motor innervation to the ascending and transverse fibers of the trapezius muscle.

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Related parts of the anatomy

Origin

The subtrapezial plexus on the deep surface of trapezius muscle consists of fibers from two sources, namely the spinal accessory nerve and the second and third cervical nerve levels of the cervical plexus.

Course

The spinal accessory and cervical plexus nerve fibers converge on the deep surface of the trapezius muscle, in the transverse fiber region. From here, fibers run laterally, to the transverse portion, and inferiorly, to the ascending portion, of the trapezius muscle.

Branches

There are no named branches.

Supplied Structures

The subtrapezial plexus is a motor nerve plexus that innervates the transverse and ascending fibers, corresponding to roughly the lower two thirds of the trapezius muscle. The upper third of trapezius is innervated by a separate unnamed branch of the spinal accessory nerve (Kierner et al, 2001).

References

Kierner, A. C., Zelenka, I. & Burian, M. (2001) How do the cervical plexus and the spinal accessory nerve contribute to the innervation of the trapezius muscle? As seen from within using Sihler's stain. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 127(10), 1230-2.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Plexus

ScienceDirect image

“Stingers” are a transient neuropraxic injury of the brachial plexus or cervical nerve roots that results in unilateral upper extremity symptoms.

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