Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us
Stylopharyngeus Muscle
Muscular System

Stylopharyngeus Muscle

Musculus stylopharyngeus

Read more

Quick Facts

Origin: Styloid process of temporal bone.

Insertion: Pharyngeal mucosa.

Action: Elevates pharynx and larynx.

Innervation: Stylopharygneal branch of glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX).

Arterial Supply: Ascending pharyngeal artery.

Complete Anatomy
The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform
Try it for Free


The stylopharyngeus muscle originates from the base of the styloid process of the temporal bone.


The stylopharyngeus muscle descends inferiorly along the external surface of the pharynx. It then passes between the superior and middle constrictors to lie on the internal surface of the pharynx where it inserts into the pharyngeal mucosa. Some fibers blend with the palatopharyngeus to attach to the posterior border of the thyroid cartilage.

Key Features & Anatomical Relations

The glossopharyngeal nerve extends inferiorly with the stylopharyngeus muscle. Together, they pass through the gap between the superior and middle constrictor muscles.


The stylopharyngeus muscle is involved in multiple actions:

- It elevates the pharynx;

- It elevates the larynx (Standring, 2016).


Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Complete Anatomy

The world's most advanced 3D anatomy platform

Complete Anatomy