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Salpingopharyngeus Muscle
Muscular System

Salpingopharyngeus Muscle

Musculus salpingopharyngeus

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Quick Facts

Origin: Auditory tube.

Insertion: Lateral pharyngeal wall.

Action: Elevates pharynx.

Innervation: Pharyngeal plexus (CN X).

Arterial Supply: Ascending palatine, greater palatine, and ascending pharyngeal arteries.

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The salpingopharyngeus muscle originates from the inferior aspect of the cartilaginous portion of the auditory tube near its opening into the pharynx.


The salpingopharyngeus muscle courses inferiorly in the salpingopharyngeal fold and merges with the palatopharyngeus and the superior constrictor muscles (Standring, 2016; Tubbs, Shoja and Loukas, 2016).

Key Features & Anatomical Relations

The salpingopharyngeus muscle aids the tensor veli palatini muscle in opening the auditory tube during swallowing. The prefix is of Greek origin, where “salpingo” refers to a tube or a tube-like structure.


The salpingopharyngeus muscle is involved in multiple actions:

- elevates the pharynx;

- assists in the opening of the auditory tube (Standring, 2016).


Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M. and Loukas, M. (2016) Bergman's Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation. Wiley.

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