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Interspinales Thoracis Muscles (Right)
Muscular System

Interspinales Thoracis Muscles (Right)

Musculi interspinales thoracis

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Quick Facts

Origin: Superior aspects of spinous processes of T2-T12 vertebrae.

Insertion: Inferior aspects of spinous processes of T1-T11 vertebrae.

Action: Extends trunk.

Innervation: Posterior rami of thoracic nerves.

Arterial Supply: Dorsal branches of posterior intercostal arteries.

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Origin

The interspinales thoracis muscles originate from the superior aspects of the spinous processes of the second to twelfth thoracic vertebrae. There can be variations between individuals regarding the origin sites for the interspinales thoracis muscles (Tubbs, Shoja and Loukas, 2016).

Insertion

The fibers of the interspinales thoracis muscles travel superiorly to the thoracic vertebrae that are located one vertebral segment superior to their origin sites. They insert onto the inferior aspects of the spinous processes of the first to eleventh thoracic vertebrae. There can be variations between individuals regarding the insertion sites for the interspinales thoracis muscles (Tubbs, Shoja and Loukas, 2016).

Key Features & Anatomical Relations

Overall, the interspinales (interspinal) muscles are one of three groups of muscles found in the deep layer of the intrinsic muscles of the back. This group of muscles is collectively known as the “interspinales muscles” because they originate from and insert onto the spinous processes of adjacent vertebrae.

They are well developed in the cervical and lumbar regions and less so in the thoracic region and are made up of many short, thin skeletal muscles. For classification purposes, the interspinales muscles are divided into three parts:

- interspinales colli, which is the superior portion;

- interspinales thoracis, which is the middle portion;

- interspinales lumborum, which is the inferior portion.

The interspinales muscles are located:

- medial to the erector spinae, transversospinal and spinotransversales muscles;

- lateral to the interspinous ligaments.

Actions

The interspinales thoracis muscles extend the trunk (Moore, Dalley and Agur, 2009). They may also be involved in proprioception (Standring, 2016).

References

Moore, K. L., Dalley, A. F. and Agur, A. M. R. (2009) Clinically Oriented Anatomy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Tubbs, R. S., Shoja, M. M. and Loukas, M. (2016) Bergman's Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation. Wiley.

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Interspinales Muscles

ScienceDirect image

Interspinales muscles are present as small, distinct bundles of fibers throughout the cervical region, beginning at the spinous processes of C2 and continuing to the spinous process of T1.

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