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Ligamentum Venosum
Digestive System

Ligamentum Venosum

Ligamentum venosum

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The ligamentum venosum is a dense ligamentous band of fibrous tissue. It’s a remnant of the fetal circulatory system, the ductus venosus.

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Key Features/Anatomical Relations

The ligamentum venosum attaches between the left portal vein and the left hepatic vein.


The original function of the ligamentum venosum when it was an open channel (the ductus venosus) was to shunt blood from the left portal vein to the left hepatic vein. This allowed a large volume of highly oxygenated blood to bypass the majority of liver and to pass directly to the heart.

List of Clinical Correlates

- Liver resection

- Access to left hepatic vein in liver surgery

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Joint Ligament

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Entheseal structures are widely located throughout the body and are represented by the interface between bone and several tissues including tendon, joint capsules and ligaments.

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