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Fasciae of Abdomen
Connective Tissue

Fasciae of Abdomen

Fasciae abdominis

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The true “fascia” of the abdomen includes the investing abdominal fascia (or superficial investing fascia) and the endoabdominal fascia (or deep investing abdominal fascia). However, the terminology has been widely disputed and so we have followed the naming classification outlined by Terminologia anatomica (FIPAT, 2019).

The fascia of the abdomen is found deep to the skin and its subcutaneous tissue (including Scarpa’s and Camper’s fascia). The investing abdominal fascia surrounds the muscles of the abdominal wall, while the endoabdominal fascia lines the abdominal cavity and is just superficial to the parietal peritoneum.

Superficial to the abdominal fascia sits the subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen and includes the fatter layer (Camper’s fascia) and membranous layer (Scarpa’s fascia).

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FIPAT (2019) Terminologia Anatomica. 2nd edn. Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology.

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The fascia is also defined as a “the fascial system consists of the three-dimensional continuum of soft, collagen containing, loose and dense fibrous connective tissues that permeate the body” by Fascia Nomenclature Committee (Bordoni and Whitte, 2018), an as “masses of connective tissue large enough to be visible to the unaided eye” by Gray’s Anatomy (Standring, 2016).

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