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Synovial Membrane of Articular Capsule of Hip Joint
Connective Tissue

Synovial Membrane of Articular Capsule of Hip Joint

Membrana synovialis capsulae articularis articulationis coxae

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Structure

The synovial membrane lines the inner surface of the joint capsule. It is thinner on the internal aspect of the iliofemoral ligament where it is squeezed against the femoral head, and is occasionally non-existent (Standring, 2016).

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Anatomical Relations

The synovial membrane of the hip joint surrounds the intracapsular aspect of the femoral neck, starting from the articular margin of the femur. It then lines the internal aspect of the joint capsule and covers the acetabular labrum, ligament of the head of the femur, and fat in the acetabular fossa (Standring, 2016).

Function

The synovial membrane synthesizes synovial fluid, which facilitates nutrition of the articular cartilage and lubricates, to minimize intra-articular friction.

List of Clinical Correlates

—Hip fractures and dislocation

References

Standring, S. (2016) Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Gray's Anatomy Series 41st edn.: Elsevier Limited.

Learn more about this topic from other Elsevier products

Hip Joint

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The hip joint is defined by the articulation between the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis.

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